The Institute of Criminology and Social Prevention (ICSP) was established as an expert body for the former General Attorney Office and the Ministries of Justice and Interior, in 1960. Shortly afterwards it became a research institute of General Attorney Office called the Research Institute of Criminology. The present name was accepted in 1990. The name of the Institute stresses prevention as an effective criminal control tool and at the same time emphasises a relationship between criminology as a theoretical and an empirical discipline, crime prevention and criminal policy. In 1994 ICSP passed under the authority of the Ministry of Justice of the Czech Republic. The activities of ICSP are financed from the state budget. Some research work has been co-financed by grants and by sources from abroad. The research programme is authorised by the Ministry of Justice. The mainstream research activity of the ICSP can be specified as criminological research in the field of social sciences which focuses on creating, maintaining and updating a pool of information on the state and development of crime, social pathology and penal policies in the CR, on the mediation of recent relevant empirical and theoretical knowledge from abroad, and on the development of criminology.
Co-operation of the ICSP with other international non-governmental professional institutions:
- International Society of Criminology (ISC)
- International Society for Criminal Law (AIDP)
- Permanent European Conference on Probation and Aftercare (CEP)
- European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control (HEUNI)
- Penal Reform International (PRI)
- United Nations International Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
- International Scientific and Professional Advisory Council of UN (ISPAC)
Assignments of ICSP and Recipients of results The Institute of Criminology and Social Prevention (ICSP, Institute) is a theoretical and research establishment of interdisciplinary focus. The founder and the managing body of the ICSP is the Ministry of Justice of the Czech Republic. The ICSP is an organisational section of the state and a unit of account.The Institute works at
- research on the manifestations and causes of crime and the relevant sociopathological phenomena, and prognostication of the development of crime,
- research, study and analysis in the field of law and justice,
- issues of penal policies and crime monitoring from the point of view of both penal repression and prevention, particularly
- the efficiency of punishments and alternative measures,
- social prevention of crime and prevention from the point of view of crime victims, at the level of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention.
In addition, the Institute is responsible for collecting and documenting criminological, legal and other relevant information, as well as transmitting and popularising the knowledge obtained; the Institute has also published a number of documents (ca 12 titles per year), it organises workshops for experts, etc.
The main objective of the Institute is to contribute, through research, theory-making, guidance, publications and other activities, to the monitoring of crime and related sociopathological phenomena, which can function as criminogenic factors, as well as to the improvement of the judicial code of the Czech Republic (CR). The research and other activities of the ICSP have been traditionally utilised, above all, by the organisations and institutions of the judiciary sector (the Ministry of Justice of the CR, judiciary authorities, Prison Service, Re-codification Commission of the Ministry of Justice of the CR, and, since 2001, also Probation and Mediation Service), but also the sector of the Interior, especially the bodies and services of the Czech Police; intersector bodies, especially the National Committee for Crime Prevention and, through its mediation, local authorities and the state authorities of those cities and municipalities that take part in implementing the Crime Prevention Strategy, the Governmental Council for the Affairs of the Romany Community and the Governmental Council for the Co-ordination of Anti-drug Policies; also the sector of Labour and Social Affairs; and, to some extent, the Parliament and the Governmental Office. In addition, the ICSP is charged with formulating the source materials, information and reports on the development of crime, on penal policies etc., requested from the CR by UN, EU and CE organs or by other European governmental and non-governmental organisations. The ICSP takes part in international researches, too.
The ICSP also participates in the training and preparation of the staff of judiciary bodies, in co-operation with the Academy of Justice and the College of Justice in Kromeriz. It takes part in the preparation of the staff of prosecution authorities in co-operation with the Faculty of Law of Charles University, the Faculty of Social Sciences of Charles University, the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of the Czech Republic, trade colleges, etc.
The Institute collaborates with legislative, executive and judicial authorities, is responsible for monitoring and documenting new scientific knowledge in its sphere of activity, co-operates with Czech research and theoretical establishments with a similar focus and keeps in touch with criminological establishments abroad. The Institute is a member of international scientific societies, participates in events organised by international institutions (such as the UN, the Council of Europe, etc.) which are related to its sphere of activity. In order to acquaint experts with the knowledge, suggestions and theoretical conclusions resulting from the scientific activities of the Institute, the Institute publishes various documents and organises lectures.
The Institute organized an international conference on the occasion of its 50th anniversary that took place in Prague on 16-17 September 2010. The topic of the conference was Penal policy, crime and criminology: experience and new challenges. The conference brought together many criminologists from the Czech Republic and abroad, among others H. Kury (Max Planck Institute), J. Sarnecki (Stockholm University), G. Hill (ISPAC), S. Redo (UNODC), O. Novotny (Faculty of Law, Charles University) and H. Valkova (Pilsen University).
Papers from the conference are available on Czech web pages.
The Statute of ICSP